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What Type of Pipe Should I Use for My Air Compressor?

Posted on Wed, Aug 28, 2013 @ 02:34 PM

A frequent question regarding air compressors is, “What type of pipe should I use for my air compressor?” Below are the most common options:

1. PVC Pipe

pvc-pipe The use of PVC pipe is common but NOT RECOMMENDED for use with compressed air. It is often used because it is readily available, inexpensive, and easy to install. However, as with many plastics, PVC gets brittle over time and can crack, break, or even shatter. The presence of air compressor oils in the line and heat from the compressed air accelerates the degradation of PVC. These failures, combined with air under pressure, are potentially fatal due to the airborne, razor-sharp shrapnel. It is also an OSHA violation to use PVC for compressed air distribution, which means you could incur a hefty fine.

2. Galvanized Pipe

galvanized-pipe Galvanized piping is commonly used for water distribution and for general plumbing. Galvanized coating resists moisture in compressed air but pieces of the coating will flake off and end up in your tools. The debris will cause severe damage to cylinders, pneumatic tools, and other components. Even more importantly, when exiting a blow gun, little flakes can cause serious bodily harm. Galvanized piping is NOT RECOMMENDED for compressed air systems.

3. Black Pipe

black-pipe Black pipe is the most commonly used pipe RECOMMENDED for compressed air systems. It is readily available, it is strong and durable and most people are familiar with how to install it. With all of the advantages black pipe provides, however, it will produce rust contamination that damages pneumatic tooling. The pipe is uncoated, and the presence of moisture will initiate rusting which will increase over time. The presence of moisture can be controlled with an after cooler and/or dryer, but it can never be completely eliminated. Furthermore, the installation of black pipe systems requires significant amount of time. Plan carefully, changes to the system will require de-pressurizing the system while new drops or additional loops are added.

4. Copper Pipe

copper-pipe Copper pipe is commonly RECOMMENDED for clean air, it works very well, and it is expensive. Copper pipe makes for an aesthetically pleasing installation, but the soldering of joints is time consuming and requires skill. Since the combination of copper and water does not create any corrosion or rusting, the air delivered to the pneumatic tools is clean and free of particulates.

5. Stainless Steel

stainless-pipe The RECOMMENDED use of stainless steel to minimize corrosion has a long and successful history. It combines all of the strength and durability benefits of black pipe, but without the problem of rusting. As with black pipe, most people are familiar with how to install the fittings and pipe, but the installation is a lengthy process. Stainless Steel pipe threads also have a tendency to gall and freeze up which can cause great difficulty during disassembly, and for general maintenance. For this reason, Victaulic fittings have successfully been used. Victaulic fittings are installed with a rubber seal and bolted clamp. Victaulic fittings are the preferred fittings for larger pipes, whether black or stainless steel, due to their lighter weight.

6. Aluminum Pipe

aluminum pipe The latest technology are push-to-connect aluminum piping systems for compressed air lines (such as Parker Transair). Aluminum is light-weight, making it easy to handle compared to schedule 40 or 80 pipe, and is HIGHLY RECOMMENDED for clean air applications. It is non-corrosive, and remains leak free unlike black pipe systems. Considering high cost of producing compressed air, reducing  compressed air consumption by eleiminating leaks over the life of the system  is a major benefit of using Parker Transair. Skilled labor is not required to install TransAir.

 

Parker cites the following benefits of its Transair piping:

  • Fast installation – no welding, soldering or other time-consuming methods of attachment; just push the pipe into a fitting until it bottoms out
  • Light-weight – easy to handle
  • Non-corrosive – provides clean air for years to come, prolonging the working life of components in the system
  • Very adaptable – easy and fast to change (reroute) or add new components and drops, even under pressure
  • Higher up-front cost of materials (compared to black pipe) may discourage some from exploring this option, but the difference in cost of material is recovered by savings on labor during (typical) installation (parts are no good when they’re sitting in a pile on the floor)
  • Most likely the lowest cost of ownership compared to the other types of piping, especially if changes to the system configuration are required.
Transair Product Info  
 
In summary, there are many choices when it comes to piping for your compressed air system. Do not use PVC or galvanized pipe. If you can help it, it’s best to steer clear of black pipe as well – you will save time, money, and headache by avoiding these options.

Choose among these suitable options - copper piping, stainless steel piping and aluminum piping - based on the requirements of your application, skills of your staff, and time constraints. If you think that additions or changes to your system(s) are likely, go with a push-to-connect aluminum piping system such as Transair.

Posted by William Jarrett

Tags: maintenance, technical